On the spatial convergence of (un)employment in Portugal

António Bento Caleiro, António Guerreiro, Gertrudes Saúde Guerreiro
International Journal of Finance, Insurance and Risk Management, Volume 6, Issue 1, 1089, 2016
DOI: 10.35808/ijfirm/141


Regarding the EU policies of territorial cohesion is common to assume that, having the same been successful (in Portugal), regional disparities decreased. The purpose of this article is to assess the veracity of this allegation, for that considering the values of employment and unemployment rates by municipalities, determined in the last two censuses held in Portugal, i.e. 2001 and 2011. In doing so, spatial econometric techniques are used, namely local indicators of spatial association and spatial clusters, in order to better understand the eventual process of spatial convergence that may have occurred in Portugal in that period. The results point towards a spatial convergence of employment rates (both in total and by genres) and also of female unemployment rates but a spatial divergence of male unemployment rates.

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