Flexible Work Design and Employee Commitment: When Socio-Demographic Characteristics Are Introduced?
Purpose: The paper investigates the role of socio-demographic characteristics such as age, educational qualification and years of work experience on the interactions between flexible work design and employee commitment. Approach/Methodology/Design: The cross-sectional survey research design was adopted and data were collated from 377 regular non-academic staff from 6 selected private universities in Ogun State Nigeria by applying a multi-stage random sampling technique. The instrument’s reliability and validity test were conducted before the adapted questionnaire was administered. Findings: The result from hierarchical multiple regression analysis revealed that socio-demographic characteristics had positive significant moderating effect on the relationship between flexible work design and employee commitment. However, educational qualification was the only significant element. Practical Implications: The study will strengthen the Job Demand-Resource (JD-R) model’s proposition that job demands and resources are negatively and positively related respectively to employee commitment based on demographic differences. Originality/Value: The study is an original study and it adds to scholarly debate on the role socio-demographic characteristics play on the interactions between flexible work design and employee commitment as management elicit labor force productivity.